Are there any limits on how much tax I am getting charged?
There are three ways that State statutes cap tax rates:
- Fund Limits: Some funds within district levies have a maximum rate. For instance, in elementary school districts, the Special Education fund has a maximum rate of 0.400 (0.400% of the taxable value of all property in that district). If an elementary school district levies for an amount exceeding the maximum rate, the County Clerk’s Office is required to reduce their levy rate to the maximum allowed.
- PTELL (“Tax Cap”) Limit: The Property Tax Extension Limitation Law (“PTELL”), a/k/a the “tax cap,” limits the average increase in tax bills to the rate of inflation. Your bill may be above or below that average, depending on how your property’s assessed value has changed relative to the average assessed value in the district. Also, some levy funds (e.g., bonds) are not capped by PTELL.
- Special Limits: A few levy funds have special limits, in addition to the ones above. For instance, if a municipality levies for Emergency Services/Disaster Operations (often called “Civil Defense”), there is a fund limit of 0.050 and a limit of 25 cents per capita. That fund cannot exceed either limit.

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1. What is tax extension?
2. How are my property taxes calculated?
3. Are there any limits on how much tax I am getting charged?
4. How can I reduce my tax bill?