A detention basin is designed to temporarily store stormwater runoff and then let it slowly drain out between rainfall events.
Naturalized detention basins are designed to provide greater water quality and habitat benefits relative to standard dry-bottom (turfgrass) detention basins. They are stormwater control facilities that are planted with native vegetation in order to help improve stormwater quality. Immediately following the planting it is necessary to frequently inspect the basin to ensure the plants are establishing themselves properly.
Native vegetation helps filter out pollutants
Once established, native vegetation is low maintenance (eliminates need for mowing)
The vegetation can also provide habitat for wildlife, attracting birds and butterflies to the area.
Planting native vegetation will improve the detention basin’s aesthetic value.
Wet Detention According to the U.S EPA, a wet detention pond is a stormwater control structure that provides both retention and treatment of contaminated stormwater runoff. It contains a perennial pool of water, which holds runoff from one rainfall event until displaced by a new rainfall event. This pool is the primary pollutant removal mechanism, such that solid particles drop out of suspension in the water column.
The amount of urban pollutants that a wet pond can filter depends on the ratio of the size of the detention pond to the runoff from the surrounding watershed.
Typically, wet ponds are more effective at nutrient removal and stormwater quality control than dry basins.