Depending on each case, after a police officer has taken the preliminary report, officers known as detectives and not usually in uniform, begin the investigative phase. Contingent on the alleged crime, this phase may be very short and consist of the detective interviewing suspects and reviewing physical evidence. In other cases, the investigative phase may require the use of grand jury subpoenas for testimony, documents and records. An investigation may require detailed forensic analysis from varying crime laboratories.
As the investigation advances, it may become evident, that while a person or persons have been victimized by someone else’s conduct, no crime may actually have occurred. In these situations, though the criminal justice system may not be able to provide a remedy for a victim, the victim may have civil causes of action available to him or her and may elect to retain an attorney to sue the wrongdoer. The State’s Attorney’s Office cannot assist victims of civil torts or negligence with their litigation.